Dynamic Developers Join Together: Strait of Georgia Collecting Marine Data

000 Constitution Tunnel Island Product Overview Presentation

Favorable Winds Blow for Offshore Wind Power, Says Frost & Sullivan

Wind energy is the most mature technology among all renewable energy solutions. Finding appropriate sites for developing onshore wind farms might, however, soon pose a challenge due to dense urbanization (especially in western Europe) and concerns about the negative visual impact…

The people of British Columbia, Canada are concerned that large wind turbines will invade the horizon. They don’t want open sea views cluttered with wind turbines and they don’t want the environment changed. The sea is changed every time a wind turbine is installed into the sea bed.

We need clean power, clean energy.  We need a transportation system that connects Vancouver Island to the city Vancouver, British Columbia, in Canada.

Most people I have asked said they don’t want people going off the island and they don’t want the island to be an extension of the City of Vancouver, and, they don’t want drug dealers on the island.  This doesn’t make any sense for planned development.  Having a transportation system will allow each town and city to develop in a planned economically and within a planned size. Demographics are  important.  The other reasons are not within the reality of island life.  These people that I asked have planned and voted into government people that would have designated parking lots with painted garbage cans, kids painted, for needles that are given out in schools here.

We need transportation and jobs for everyone. These same people don’t want to give people jobs, they said this, because they would only buy drugs, they are given them.  The jobs they are told to do at the government funded job employment centres is to be a , drug dealer, is to be a prostitute.  They have big names that are wealthy politicians and families Patrick Mullen, Maybe’s, and have religions practicing intimidation through professions, Hay and his partners in realty.  The name that are on the screens of the 1960’s reruns are those people that I have me and are practicing intimidation whenever these political families are spoken of.  They own teen clothes store internationally and are contractors in malls.

We need a transportation system that has a highway and skytrain, high speed rail.  These families have opposed this development since 1960.  Lets build it. Lets get together.

 

 

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Strait of Georgia: Swaters, Mixed bottom-friction, Gordon E., 2006: The Meridional Flow-2009

Gordon E. Swaters, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G1, Canada. Email: gordon.swaters@ualberta.ca

 Swaters, Gordon E., 2006: The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part II: Numerical Simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 356–375.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO2868.1

The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part II: Numerical Simulation

Gordon E. Swaters

Applied Mathematics Institute, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, and Institute for Geophysical Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

A numerical simulation is described for source-driven abyssal currents in a 3660 km × 3660 km stratified Northern Hemisphere basin with zonally varying topography. The model is the two-layer quasigeostrophic equations, describing the overlying ocean, coupled to the finite-amplitude planetary geostrophic equations, describing the abyssal layer, on a midlatitude β plane. The source region is a fixed 75 km × 150 km area located in the northwestern sector of the basin with a steady downward volume transport of about 5.6 Sv (Sv ≡ 106 m3 s−1) corresponding to an average downwelling velocity of about 0.05 cm s−1. The other parameter values are characteristic of the North Atlantic Ocean. It takes about 3.2 yr for the abyssal water mass to reach the southern boundary and about 25 yr for a statistical state to develop. Time-averaged and instantaneous fields at a late time are described. The time-averaged fields show an equator-ward-flowing abyssal current with distinct up- and downslope groundings with decreasing height in the equator-ward direction. The average equator-ward abyssal transport is about 8 Sv, and the average abyssal current thickness is about 500 m and is about 400 km wide. The circulation in the upper layers is mostly cyclonic and is western intensified, with current speeds about 0.6 cm s−1. The upper layer cyclonic circulation intensifies in the source region with speeds about 4 cm s−1, and there is an anticyclonic circulation region immediately adjacent to the western boundary giving rise to a weak barotropic poleward current in the upper layers with a speed of about 0.6 cm s−1. The instantaneous fields are highly variable. Even though the source is steady, there is a pronounced spectral peak at the period of about 54 days. The frequency associated with the spectral peak is an increasing function of the …Abstract

Keywords: barotropic flow

Received: June 1, 2005; Accepted: October 20, 2005

Corresponding author address: Gordon E. Swaters, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G1, Canada. Email: gordon.swaters@ualberta.ca

Cited by

GORDON E. SWATERS. (2009) Mixed bottom-friction–Kelvin–Helmholtz destabilization of source-driven abyssal overflows in the ocean. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 626, 33
Online publication date: 1-May-2009.
CrossRef

Gordon E. Swaters. (2009) Ekman destabilization of inertially stable baroclinic abyssal flow on a sloping bottom. Physics of Fluids 21:8, 086601
Online publication date: 1-Jan-2009.
CrossRef

Gordon E. Swaters. (2006) The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part I: Model Development and Dynamical Properties. Journal of Physical Oceanography 36:3, 335-355
Online publication date: 1-Mar-2006.
Abstract . Full Text . PDF (514 KB)

Strait of Georgia: Swaters, Mixed bottom-friction, Gordon E., 2006: The Meridional Flow-2009

Gordon E. Swaters, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G1, Canada. Email: gordon.swaters@ualberta.ca

 

Swaters, Gordon E., 2006: The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part II: Numerical Simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 356–375.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO2868.1

The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part II: Numerical Simulation

Gordon E. Swaters

Applied Mathematics Institute, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, and Institute for Geophysical Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

A numerical simulation is described for source-driven abyssal currents in a 3660 km × 3660 km stratified Northern Hemisphere basin with zonally varying topography. The model is the two-layer quasigeostrophic equations, describing the overlying ocean, coupled to the finite-amplitude planetary geostrophic equations, describing the abyssal layer, on a midlatitude β plane. The source region is a fixed 75 km × 150 km area located in the northwestern sector of the basin with a steady downward volume transport of about 5.6 Sv (Sv ≡ 106 m3 s−1) corresponding to an average downwelling velocity of about 0.05 cm s−1. The other parameter values are characteristic of the North Atlantic Ocean. It takes about 3.2 yr for the abyssal water mass to reach the southern boundary and about 25 yr for a statistical state to develop. Time-averaged and instantaneous fields at a late time are described. The time-averaged fields show an equator-ward-flowing abyssal current with distinct up- and downslope groundings with decreasing height in the equator-ward direction. The average equator-ward abyssal transport is about 8 Sv, and the average abyssal current thickness is about 500 m and is about 400 km wide. The circulation in the upper layers is mostly cyclonic and is western intensified, with current speeds about 0.6 cm s−1. The upper layer cyclonic circulation intensifies in the source region with speeds about 4 cm s−1, and there is an anticyclonic circulation region immediately adjacent to the western boundary giving rise to a weak barotropic poleward current in the upper layers with a speed of about 0.6 cm s−1. The instantaneous fields are highly variable. Even though the source is steady, there is a pronounced spectral peak at the period of about 54 days. The frequency associated with the spectral peak is an increasing function of the …Abstract

Keywords: barotropic flow

Received: June 1, 2005; Accepted: October 20, 2005

Corresponding author address: Gordon E. Swaters, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G1, Canada. Email: gordon.swaters@ualberta.ca

Cited by

GORDON E. SWATERS. (2009) Mixed bottom-friction–Kelvin–Helmholtz destabilization of source-driven abyssal overflows in the ocean. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 626, 33
Online publication date: 1-May-2009.
CrossRef

Gordon E. Swaters. (2009) Ekman destabilization of inertially stable baroclinic abyssal flow on a sloping bottom. Physics of Fluids 21:8, 086601
Online publication date: 1-Jan-2009.
CrossRef

Gordon E. Swaters. (2006) The Meridional Flow of Source-Driven Abyssal Currents in a Stratified Basin with Topography. Part I: Model Development and Dynamical Properties. Journal of Physical Oceanography 36:3, 335-355
Online publication date: 1-Mar-2006.
Abstract . Full Text . PDF (514 KB)